I discovered a technique for developing ‘onion’ domes with muqarnas. By onion I mean that the dome expands to an ‘equator’ and then narrows down again. If the narrowing continues the dome will close, so it is important to stop narrowing the dome and begin adding tiers. Using the two expansion methods I initially developed, I created the two above onion muqarnas domes.
First, I created the onion dome with the Ray expansion method, seen above on the right. An animation of it can be viewed below.